Carprofen is the generic name for a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug (NSAID) used in dogs that is in the same class as other drugs such as ibuprofen and naproxen. Some familiar brand names you may be familiar with are Rimadyl, Novox, and Quellin. This drug is not recommended for use in cats. Carprofen is also being studied to see its effectiveness in the treatment of certain cancers.
• Non-steroidal- Works as well as a steroid without the side effects associated with them.
• Analgesic- Pain-relieving quality
• Antipyretic- Aides in fever reduction
• Anti-inflammatory- Helps reduce inflammation and the pain resulting from it
How it Works
Carprofen works on a chemical level by minimizing the prostaglandin production in your dog’s system. Prostaglandins are responsible for the body’s response to irritation or injury. Your dog then experiences redness, swelling, and pain in the affected region because of the boost in blood flow, release of added fluids and chemicals, and increase in white blood cells that are acting upon the area.
Cyclooxygenase (COX) enzymes are present in two areas of the body. COX-1 is needed for the proper functioning of the digestive and renal systems. COX-2 causes inflammation in response to injury. Carprofen helps block the COX enzymes so that they do not signal the body’s prostaglandin production thereby reducing inflammation and pain.
• For the treatment of minor pain and inflammation caused by certain chronic conditions such as osteoarthritis.
• It helps control postoperative pain from tissue and orthopedic surgeries.
• Not for use in cats
• Not for human use
• Not for use in animals that have a sensitivity or allergy to the drug
• Using concurrently with steroids can cause stomach ulcers
• Do not use with other NSAIDs and certain other medications
• Dogs that have liver or kidney disease, dehydration, and other health issues should be closely monitored by a veterinarian while using Carprofen
• Not recommended in dogs with blood disorders
• Not recommended in dogs that are pregnant, nursing, or that are being used for breeding
• Since NSAIDs block both types of COX enzymes, it may inhibit prostaglandins that are needed for normal internal functioning in some dogs especially those with undiagnosed, underlying, or pre-existing diseases.
Most dogs respond very effectively to Carprofen without any adverse reactions or complications. However, as with any medication, there is a possible risk of experiencing side effects. Though reports of side effects are extremely low, they may include:
• Appetite loss
• Tar-like bowel movements
• Increased thirst
• Increased urination
• Loss of coordination
• Behavioral changes
More serious adverse effects can occur and even result in death. However, these risks are even rarer. If you observe symptoms of intolerance, stop using it and contact your veterinarian. Nearly all dogs fully recover from any bad reactions once use is discontinued.
Carprofen can be administered as a chewable caplet in amounts of 25mg, 75mg, and 100mg. It is also available in liquid form to be administered through injections at 50 mg/ml.
Always consult with your veterinarian to ensure Carprofen for Dogs is the right option for your pet.
The recommended dosage for Carprofen that is taken orally is 2 mg/lb of body weight daily. This can be given as a single dose or split into two 1 mg/lb doses given on the same day.
For pain control anticipated with surgical procedures, Carprofen should be given 2 hours before the procedure.